NEMS relies on small vibrating membranes, which are sensitive to tiny forces. The membranes need to be lightweight and stiff, with a high Young's modulus - all parameters which graphene is known for. For example, the Young's modulus of graphene is about five times larger than that of silicon, the flagship material for MEMS. As such, graphene is among the most promising candidates for applications that require ultrathin membranes with excellent mechanical properties.
Image 1: Monolayer graphene membrane suspended over a microscopic cavity. Image courtesy of Stefan Wagner / Max Lemme, University of Siegen
Already in 2013, the sensitivity of graphene NEMS was shown to overshadow silicon MEMS by up to an order of magnitude. The success of graphene NEMS ignited follow-up research across the world, with industrial interest closely following. In order to serve the growing field, Graphenea enhanced their product catalog with the addition of suspended monolayer graphene on cavities. Because all NEMS are different, the idea is that the customer makes their own cavities (tiny holes) in a substrate, and Graphenea uses a novel transfer method to cover the holes with high quality CVD graphene. This is an arrangement that has proven to be successful, as exemplified by publications that Graphenea shares with world-leading graphene NEMS research groups.
Graphenea is engaged in research of graphene NEMS within the EU FET Graphene Flagship initiative and also through the project GRAFOL. Suspended graphene membranes have other uses than NEMS, for example in optomechanical systems. Details of the substrate requirements and graphene film quality for this product are available in the Graphenea catalog.